Who was the Israeli author Amos Oz, candidate for the Nobel Prize for Literature – Music and Books – Culture

adminDecember 29, 2018




With the works of those who did not win the Nobel Prize for Literature, an exquisite library would be made: Kafka Metamorphosis, Death of Artemio Cruz de Fuente, Borges Aleph, Joyce's Ulysses, Tolstoy's War and Peace, Hopscotch of Cortázar and Roth's plot against America , including creations, would be there.

To these can be added. Touching the water, touching the wind (1973), Meet a woman (1989), Fima (1991), A panther in the basement (1995), A story of love and darkness (2003) and Judah (2014). ), by Israeli Amos Oz, died yesterday of 79-year-old cancer. On the threshold of delivering the coveted prize, a lot of journalists installed their cameras in front of the house, while, with the simple character always characterizing him, he remained silent in the study of reading or writing.

Why was it never given? An atypical decision for a Swedish academy that is often reported to act under a politically correct prism. Did he lack any profit? Oz is one of the most prestigious writers in recent decades, besides being a prominent peace activist and supporter of the negotiated solution of the two states of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

However, it was not missing. The Israeli Prize for Literature (1988), the Goethe Prize (2005), awarded mainly writers in German, and the Prince of Asturias de las Letras (2007) were at home along with fifty more awards.

"Despite his fame, he was extraordinarily humble," says Adriana Cooper, journalist and professor of Hebrew and Jewish culture, who interviewed him on several occasions. She, a Colombian Israeli who lived in Israel for almost a decade, defines him as a true teacher. "Despite it and the fame he wins, it was always with him, he was concerned with the cluster that he grew up in kibbutz and in the desert house of Arad where he lived." Far from the vanity or envy sometimes seen in the intellectual world, had the courage to question the Israeli government to the power of its peace process decisions ", he adds.

Oz's work is vast and varied: About twenty books – some translated into 45 languages ​​- including novels, short stories and essays, and nearly 500 publications. A wonderful result for a career began without pretension in 1996 with the novel Perhaps elsewhere.

"Amos Oz is one of those who wrote best in Hebrew, a language that, although the Jewish people spent centuries in the synagogue, was only spoken on the streets of the twentieth century, thanks to Eliécer Ben Yehuda. I emphasize his descriptions of the desert or in Jerusalem, their positions in favor of peace and understanding between people and the ability to transmit strong emotions in a few lines "Cooper explains.

A silent death

Oz died "silently as he slept, surrounded by his loved ones", his daughter Fania Oz-Salzberg said on her Twitter account. "My dear father just died of cancer after a rapid deterioration", Oz-Salzberg added to the social network.

Born in Jerusalem in 1939, he built a formidable work for culture and pointed the way to reconciliation. Is there much debate about politics in the Oz House? Asked journalist Mikel Ayestaran, correspondent in Jerusalem in the Spanish newspaper ABC. "As in all houses. My children and grandchildren ask me if there is a solution to the conflict, if the Israelis fail in something, about the origin of violence, what it is to be a Jew or a politics. Not everyone is happy with my answers because I do not is Jesus Christ, and I am also grateful that you do not agree from time to time, "he replied.

In that talk, Amos is reflected on the social epidemic that has taken the planet seriously. "The 21st century's syndrome, of these first 18 years, is the growth of fanaticism, chauvinism and religious intolerance throughout the world," he said. How have we come to this situation? "Stalin and Hitler left us a gift of trauma. For 50 years the world has been afraid of fanaticism and simple formulas, but this gift has expired.

The new generations do not have clear ideas about Hitler, Stalin, Franco or Mussolini, and they will have answers to a sentence for everything, no more than 140 characters. This is accompanied by the growth of a populist political leadership, which is another of today's tragedies. Politics has become entertainment, people are voting because they want scandals, fun, and a clear example is Donald Trump"He judged. Thus, brilliantly and deeply disturbed by the clouds settled in today's horizon, the author took advantage of the microphones that lit him in the conversations to turn out to be a fierce defender of pacifism." Amos Oz discovered pacifism in writing without sacrificing literature in the process, "Bogota's author Ricardo Silva told EL TIEMPO.

Love and darkness

Among his works, a story of love and darkness shone, not just because it is a book that sold more than a million copies, and that critics consider their masterpiece, but because it was taken to the cinema by their compatriot Natalie Portman.

The actor made his debut as director with this film, depicting the author's childhood in the years 1940 and 1950, the emergence of the Jewish state and the loss of his depressive mother, as Portman interprets. Amos "gave me a lot of encouragement," she said, deeply moved, in a statement. "He told me, "Please, make your own movie; the book already exists, you don't have to film the book & # 39; with respect that I will always appreciate".

The effect of this work broke limits. "One of the most authentic and painful books I've read in my life is a story of love and darkness, wrote on his Twitter account Hector Abad Faciolince.

Since pacifism, he met the general perception of his country, favorable to the occupation of Palestine. "Despite obviously declaring himself a secular Jew, he knew, respected, and studied the Jewish tradition where he was born. In the Jews and the words, the book he wrote with his daughter, Fania Oz Salzberger, wrote: "Conscious lay people do not seek peace, but intellectual restlessness, and love questions more than answers. For joys like us, the Hebrew Bible is a wonderful human creation. Extremely human We love it and we question it, "Professor Adriana Cooper says.

"In all my literary work, you find the pristine Europeans struggling to make a small European enclave, with bookstores and concert halls, in the heat and dust of the desert, in Jerusalem or kibbutz. Signs that will reform the world and don't know how to tie the shoes. His idealists are debating and arguing infinitely with each other, refugees and survivors trying to build a homeland despite all the adversities, "wrote Oz in a statement by El País in Madrid.

In addition, the text states: "Many of my stories and novels are located in Israel, but they deal with great and simple things: love, loss, loneliness, longing, death, desire, desolation. I am a skeptical witness to my time and an ironic and charitable observer of human comedy. In my opinion, Kafka was the greatest prophet of the 20th century, capable of anticipating dehumanization and tyrannies, the cruelty of power, and human impotence. He taught me that trees, and all other things, are never what they look like. "

ARMANDO NEIRA
CULTURE EDITOR



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