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While Selena Gomez seeks treatment for anxiety and depression, it is reported that she is once again resorting to dialectical behavioral therapy.
The singer is submitting to DBT, People reported, a type of psychological care she has previously praised.
When Vogue described Gómez last year, the magazine described her as a "deep believer" in therapy.
"DBT has changed my life completely," Gómez said in the interview. "I would like more people to talk about therapy."
What is DBT?
Dialectical behavioral therapy relies heavily on cognitive behavioral therapy or talk therapy, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness.
It promotes both acceptance and change in a patient, which seems contradictory, hence the reference in its name to "dialectic", defined as the integration of opposites.
DBT was developed in the 1980s by Marsha Linehan, professor of psychology at the University of Washington. He originally designed the approach to treat suicidal behaviors, but has since expanded to treat borderline personality disorder and other "complex and severe mental disorders," says Linehan's biography. She herself struggled with a mental illness and promised to help herself and others.
"I guess it's true that I developed a therapy that provides the things I needed for so many years and that I never received," he told The New York Times.
One of the key concepts is the "radical acceptance", or let go what you want and accept what it is.
"Suppressing what you want is not the way to go. You have to radically accept that you want something you do not have and it is not a catastrophe, "Linehan said in a video that explains his philosophy." Reality is what it is. "
That's critical because you can not change anything if you do not accept it, he noted. You have to radically accept your past and the moment you are right now, but you can definitely try to change the next moment, Linehan said. This way of thinking "will transform everyone … but it has to be a regular practice," he added.
How does DBT work?
Patients who undergo DBT receive individual and group therapy. The goal is for them to "get out of hell" and build "a life worth living," which can mean different things to different people, Linehan said.
She acknowledged that it was not enough for patients to be heard and understood in therapy, they also had to receive instructions on how to change. So the program teaches patients various coping skills, including:
The groups meet weekly for approximately 2.5 hours. The curriculum lasts 24 weeks, but is often repeated to create a one-year program. Individual therapy sessions also take place once a week during this time. Telephone training is available so that patients can receive help from their therapist between sessions.
Studies show that DBT can be "effective in producing significant and lasting improvement for people who experience mental illness," the National Alliance on Mental Illness said.
The approach has also shown promise in the treatment of people with substance abuse. You can find a certified program or a therapist through the DBT-Linehan Certification Board.
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