The Marxist Revolution
The 1978 Marxist Revolution created a tension scenario in Afghanistan that the time course became a norm. The beginning of 1979, after the Soviet invasion, strengthened government forces, supported by the Moscow regime, with the rebels mujahidin, supported by the United States. The fighting, driven by the spirit of the Cold War between the two great powers, lasted 10 years.
Between 1979 and 1989, the number of deaths has exceeded one million, probably between 850,000 and one million and half dead.
The conflict would end with the rebels' victory and withdrawal of Soviet troops. In 1992, several war-active countries launched the country into a civil war. The battle for power will last four years, culminating in the Taliban's victory.
Looking for Bin Laden
In October 2001, the United States invaded the invasion of Afghanistan without a UN mandate following the attack on the Twin Towers. The Americans believed Bin Laden, the terrorist leader who drew 9/11, the worst day of American history, will hide in Afghanistan, under the cover of the Taliban regime.
In this phase, Bin Laden would have escaped, but Afghanistan again plunged into the chaos of war.
The terrorist, born in Saudi Arabia, had, however, been given a power that was forged by the CIA's dubious strategies. Osama bin Laden, America's greatest enemy, was after all a product of his secret services. In May 2011, bin Laden was eventually killed in Pakistan by the US military.
Taliban regain the ground
The war that began in 2001 ended up involving NATO in December of that year in response to a UN Security Council mandate. The peak of the war was the involvement of 130,000 NATO troops.
The Atlantic Alliance ordered the withdrawal of the war contingent in 2014, with only 16,000 military restrictions remaining to support the Afghan security forces.
However, the war does not lower its arms. Terrorist groups of various factions have made Afghanistan one of the most dangerous countries in the world. The Taliban regained land and controlled 20 percent of the national territory.
Life has become a struggle for survival.
In a country of 34 million people, more than 2.5 million people had to leave the area where they lived and seek refuge in IDP refugee camps, where life has become a struggle for survival.
After Syria, Afghanistan is the country that produces most refugees in the world. The largest part fled to Iran, Pakistan and Turkey. Those who can come to Europe can hardly get through Greece.
Those who go through dense filters of European emigration policies and succeed in reaching Germany or Norway are subject to the strong reception policies of these countries. Deportation has been the password, which pursues and determines them. They return, upon commitment, to the country where they fled.
Afghanistan: Eternal War
SIC is preparing a long-standing work in Afghanistan, which is now beginning to issue a special report, ending with the presentation of a major report in April 2019.
Until then, this site is fed with several notes intended to show us one of the most mysterious countries in the world.
A report by Pedro Coelho, José Silva, Tiago Martins and Patrícia Reis.